Present Perfect (Настоящее совершенное время)

Формула:

have/has + V3(ed)   (третья форма используется для неправильных глаголов)

has употребляется с местоимениями he/she/it (a cat = it)

Когда употребляется это время, это значит, что главное – это результат. На этом делается акцент. Значит, результат налицо или мы сами видим последствия каких-то действий, и результат видно прямо сейчас.

Указатели: already, yet

Утвердительное предложение

have/has + V3(ed)

а) с правильным глаголом (work)

I have worked

You have worked

He has worked

She has worked

It has worked

We have worked

You (“вы”) have worked

They have worked

б) с неправильным глаголом (go – went – gone)

I have gone

You have gone

He has gone

She has gone

It has gone

We have gone

You (“вы”) have gone

They have gone

Отрицательное предложение

have/has + not + V3(ed)

а) с правильным глаголом (work)

I have not worked

You have not worked

He has not worked

She has not worked

It has not worked

We have not worked

You (“вы”) have not worked

They have not worked

б) с неправильным глаголом (go – went – gone)

I have not gone

You have not gone

He has not gone

She has not gone

It has not gone

We have not gone

You (“вы”) have not gone

They have not gone

Вопросительное предложение

Have/Has + подлежащее + V3 (ed)

а) с правильным глаголом (work)

Have I worked?

Have you worked?

Has he worked?

Has she worked?

Has it worked?

Have we worked?

Have you (“вы”) worked?

Have they worked?

б) с неправильным глаголом (go – went – gone)

Have I gone?

Have you gone?

Has he gone?

Has she gone?

Has it gone?

Have we gone?

Have you (“вы”) gone?

Have they gone?

Вопрос с вопросительным словом

Вопросит.слово + Have/Has + подлежащее + V3 (ed)

Where have you been?

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